Article i 'Tidsskrift for arbejdsliv' no. 3 2002, page 63-75.
Christian Albrekt Larsen
Furthermore, the survey answers indicate that age in itself seems to be a very decisive barrier, whereas supply problems such as education, economic incentives etc. seem less important. Theoretically, the article explains these findings as the result of the screening procedures conducted by firms. Thus in a situation with rather high employment, the firms will have to screen the applicants in one way or another, and age seems to play a very significant role in this screening procedure. To substantiate this conclusion, one has to make studies of hiring procedures on company level. It is not done in this study, which is solely based on survey answers from long-term unemployed. However, the article concludes that early retirement schemes and introduction of new early retirement schemes is (of course) necessary but not sufficient as a means of explaining the decision of early retirement among the old unemployed.
Finally, the article shows that early retirement does indeed contribute to increase well-being among the interviewed. However, the data also show that returning to the labour market increases well-being even more. One might say that early retirement is good (compared to unemployment), but work is even better.