Article i 'Tidsskrift for arbejdsliv' no. 1 2007, page 61-80.
Long and non-standard working hours
Can influence improve the work-life balance?
Karen Albertsen, Tage Søndergård Kristensen og Jan Pejtersen
The arrangement of working hours is one
of the work environmental factors that
most seriously infl uence our private life.
Even though the ordinary working hour
agree ment is 37 hours per week, many
people work long hours and many people
work non-standard hours. More influence
on when to place the working hours has
been suggested as a way to solve the conflicts between work and private life.
The purposes of this study were to explore
how long and non-standard working
hours and infl uence over working time are
associated with the experience of conflicts
between work and private life. Further, we
explore the level of work-life conflicts in
different family constellations and for employees with a high degree of knowledge
work compared to other employees.
The following questions were explored:
1) How many and who experience conflicts
between work and private life?
2) Is there an association between work-life
conflicts, long and non-standard working
hours and the degree of influence
over working time?
3) Can infl uence on working time compensate
for the effect of long and non-standard
hours on the experience of confl ict?
We use data from the second National
Da nish Psychosocial Work Environment
Study among wage earners, conducted by
National Institute of Occupational Health,
We conclude that long and non-standard
hours are associated with more conflicts
between work and private life and that influence on working time is associated with
slightly less conflicts. Influence on working
time can not compensate for the negative
effects of non-standard and long hours.