Article i 'Tidsskrift for arbejdsliv' no. 2 2000, page 85-106.
Per Kongshøj Madsen
Both concerning the labour market situation of ethnic minorities and the policies to integrate them, there are remarkable similarities among the five countries (and Denmark as well). On the other hand a number of differences in policies and programmes are uncovered as indications of the different outcomes of the dilemmas facing integration policies. Thus some countries put more emphasis on selective programmes than others. Also, there are clear differences among the countries concerning the balance between ‘soft’ measures (eg. information campaigns) and ‘hard’ measures (legal action and quotas). There is therefore ample scope for a mutual exchange of positive and negative experiences among countries.