Article i 'Tidsskrift for arbejdsliv' no. 3 2000, page 45-67.
Active Labour Market Policy in Great Britain
Inclusion and exclusion in The Third Way
Between 1979 and 1997 Great Britain was the ideal type of the neo-liberal model for labour market regulation. Through an analysis of active labour market policies this article argues that since New Labour came into power, Great Britain has started to develop a new model of labour market regulation, combining exclusion and inclusion. The exclusion of trade unions from influence on policy making and implementation is continued despite the rhetoric about social partnership. However, the trade unions do have some of the responsibility for this situation themselves. Inclusion is found in the content of the policy. In general, the active labour market policy of the new government face the challenge of marginalisation – even though the policy programmes continue to stress compulsion, control and individualisation of responsibility for the individuals’ positions on the labour market. Compared to other EU member states active labour market policy in Great Britain is unique in its exclusion of labour interests in policy making and implementation.