Article i 'Tidsskrift for arbejdsliv' no. 3 2000, page 87-103.
New Learning Templates
Learning Spaces Closer to and more distant from Practice
Thomas Binder og Bente Elkjær
The growing interest in understanding the cognitive and social basis for learning follows the societal changes from a sequentially orientated industrial society to a knowledge society, where knowledge is increasingly acquired and produced simultaneously. This change is challenging conventional conceptions of learning space and learning templates. New learning templates must incorporate sensitivity towards the situation of learning, to the social aspects of participation and to new conceptions of the relations between theory and practice. In the article newer literature on learning is discussed in the light of the need for new learning templates. The central point made is that learning has to be situated both closer to and more distant from practice. The development organisation is suggested as a relevant label for a parallel organisation of learning activities closely integrated with the organisation of work. The development organisation offers a setting for reflection on work experience, which is more often absent today. The learning lab is another relevant setting for learning. The learning lab as a label signals the need for learning spaces distant from practice, which offers authentic experimental learning in a simulated reflective practicum. The article concludes that a rethinking of learning templates and learning space is essential and integral to the renewing of the debate of learning and work practice.