Article i 'Tidsskrift for arbejdsliv' no. 3 2002, page 43-62.
Causes and effects of early exit/early retirement
Per H. Jensen og Torben Kjeldgaard
Many welfare states consider it to be a major challenge to change 'early' exit into 'late' exit. The existing knowledge about the early exit/early retirement mechanisms, however, is rather limited. Are older people pushed out of the labour market? Are they pulled out by generous welfare benefits? Or do they jump, i.e. do they seek new challenges in an active third age? In this article, which is based on comprehensive survey data, the point of departure is taken in existing push, pull and jump explanations. The problem with push, pull and jump explanations are, however, that most often they encourage essentialistic thinking. To overcome this problem this article conceives of push, pull and jump as socially structured practices. It is concluded, that the socially structured distribution of economic and cultural capital is the structuring principle behind the cause and effect of push, pull and jump.