Ethnic minorities and the European Employment Strategy
Jytte Kaltoft Bendixen
ETUI, Forskningsrapport 3/2003
Bogomtale fra forlaget.
Issues examined include policies of control and integration - as distinct from assimilation - conducted in the framework of the European Union; the factors, regarded from the standpoint of labour market supply and demand, which contribute to making immigration attractive; the gender dimension of immigration; and trade union positions and discourse in relation to immigration.
The position of trade unions towards migration has not been exempt from a certain ambiguity. The unions have called for equality of social and economic rights between immigrant and local workers. At the same time, they have demanded restrictive state controls and called for protection against labour market competition. Both positions have been part of the history of trade unionism towards immigration.
One new development examined in this issue of TRANSFER is the increase, since the 1980s and 1990s, in immigration to the countries of southern Europe. These societies have economies with a high concentration of labour-intensive sectors such as agriculture, tourism, personal services and construction. The fact that these immigrants are in search of jobs enables employers and governments to spend less on recruitment and active labour market programmes, thereby reducing labour costs.