FADL 1994. 185 s. ISBN 8777491289
Bogomtale fra forlaget.
This study had four main purposes: A descriptive purpose: To describe the most important work environment problems in the Danish slaughterhouse and meat industry.
An analytical purpose: To contribute to the ætiological research regarding those topics that are found to be of special relevance for slaughterhouse workers.
A methodological and theoretical purpose: To take part in ongoing work with clarification of theoretical concepts and development of methods within the area of psychosocial research, and to develop methods for qualitative meta-analyses.
A preventive purpose: To improve the scientific foundation of the preventive efforts in the slaughterhouse and meat industry by communicating the results of the study to employers and employees, the labour inspection authorities and the occupational health services.
The main study is a cross-sectional investigation based on responses to questionnaires by 4,828 workers from all 147 firms in the Danish slaughterhouse and meat industry.
The main hypothesis of the study is that high job strain increases the risk of a number of symptoms, diseases and coping forms. This hypothesis is fully confirmed since positive associations have been found between job strain and stress, fatigue, psychosomatic symptoms, low back pain, accidents, use of analgesics and absence from work. Furthermore it is concluded that job strain increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
The overall conclusion is that the slaughterhouse in a number of ways comprise a high risk group, and that today we know enough to be able to launch a rational prevention strategy.