Bogomtale fra forlaget.
Flat World, Big Gaps critically considers the impact of economic liberalization and globalization on inequality and poverty.
The first half surveys the major analytical issues in the recent study of global inequalities. After a brief survey of different approaches to international income inequalities, the second chapter notes that indicators of economic growth performance as well as international economic inequities have deteriorated in the last quarter-century compared to the 1960s and 1970s. The following three chapters critically consider recent trends as well as their implications from different perspectives. High global inequalities mean that a very small share of economic growth - which often exacerbates living conditions for the poor - actually trickles down to the poor, who make up half the world‘s population.
The second half of the volume surveys recent inequality trends in various parts of the world including the OECD, the USA, Eastern Europe and the CIS economies, Latin America, the Middle East and North Africa, sub-Saharan Africa, India, East Asia and China.
Preface - Jomo K. S.
1. Global income inequality: What it is and why it matters? - Branko Milanovic
2. The scorecard on development: 25 years of diminished progress - Mark Weisbrot, Dean Baker and David Rosnick
3. A converging or diverging world? - Bob Sutcliffe
4. World economic growth and income distribution, 1980-2000 - Albert Berry and John Serieux
5. Globalizing inequality: 'Centrifugal' and 'centripetal' forces at work - Gabriel Palma
6. Growth not much good for poor - David Woodward and Andrew Simms
7. Inequality trends in the developed OECD countries - John Weeks
8. Inequality and household economic distress in the USA - Heather Boushey and Christian E. Weller
9. Poverty and Inequality in Eastern Europe and the CIS Transition Economies - Mihaly Simai
10. Equity in Latin America since the 1990s - Pedro Sainz
11. Income distribution in the Middle East and North Africa, 1960-2000 - Maria Cristina Paciello
12. Openness, trade liberalization, inequality and poverty in Africa - Alemayehu Geda and Abebe Shimeles
13. Inequality in India: A survey of recent trends - Parthapratim Pal and Jayati Ghosh
14. Economic growth and inequality in East Asia - Jomo K. S.
15. Understanding the extent and evolution of inequalities in China - Ranja Sengupta and Jayati Ghosh
About the Authors
Jomo K. S. is Assistant Secretary General for Economic Development and Jacques Baudot was Coordinator of the World Summit for Social Development, Director of the Division for Social Policy and Development and Coordinator of the International Forum for Social Development, all based in the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) of the United Nations Secretariat.