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Den inre teatern i lärandet

en studie om kunskapsväxandet inom hantverk

Gunilla Andersson Gustafsson

Stockholm, KTH, 2002, 295 s. ; (Trita-IEO-R 2002:8) ISSN 1100-7982
Bogomtale fra forlaget.

A study about vocational education and the growth of knowledge within craft The problem that initiated my study was the great change within vocational education for craftsmen. At present, the education is to a great deal in the environment of the school. Earlier the education were a master - apprentice relationship. The problem involved moving an education from its natural habitat to a synthetically environment consequence in both advantages and disadvantages. A mans journey through his time of work was presented to a group of hairdressers in a case study, as a story and a dialogue-seminar about the example was accomplished. Through this method I want to enlighten, and eventually understand, the development of craftsmanship and what factors that are of importance in the development of knowledge. If a craftsman looses his tradition and knowledge of experience the craftsmanship could be hollow. Hairdressers, carpenters and goldsmiths have the same problem. Knowledge disappears when the old masters die, if they haven't left their knowledge by experience to their successors. Some knowledge is not needed anymore, but the depth of the knowledge that is used will still be needed. The security in a profession could disappear if there is no continuity in the education. The judgment and the responsibility are important concepts in skill and craftsmanship. It is the right judgment in the right time that makes the expert an expert. It is very hard to describe how a person makes the right decision. Much of his knowledge is tacit. The expert just do it, the apprentice has to think about what to do and why to do it. The responsibility is something you have to take in real working situation. The seminar-method shows us how knowledge of judgment and responsibility can be put forwards in dialogues between beginners and experienced persons. This method could also be used in education of craftsmen, and perhaps be of great importance for the trading of knowledge in many different professions. Research about knowledge in vocational education can lead to a higher degree of understanding about what the effect will be of political decisions, and provide the decision makers basic data to be able to make wise decisions. When political decisions are to be made, both the individual skill and the intersubjective knowledge need to be reminded. My results have shown that there is a risk of losing expert knowledge if the knowledge of experience and practice loses time I vocational education. The craftsmen get a higher degree of education, but a lower degree of competence if we put knowledge of proposition before knowledge of experience and knowledge of familiarity.