Models of Employee Participation in a Changing Global Environment
Diversity and Interaction
Raymond Markey, Paul Gollan, Ann Hodgkinson, Alain Chouraqui og Ulke Veersma
Ashgate, Aldershot, Sydney, 2001, 343 s., ISBN 0 7546 1866 8
Management of the employment relationship has been subject to significant change in the last two decades, as the process of globalization has intensified competition in product and labour markets. In this context, modern management theorists and practitioners have commonly emphasised the importance of two-way communication and cooperation between management and labour in determining the success of HRM strategy and maximising workplace efficiency. Cooperation relies upon building employee commitment, and employee consultation and participation are intrinsic to this process.
This book explores these themes through an international collection of case studies, distinguished by the breadth of coverage of national environments, as well as providing a comprehensive overview of all different forms and levels of participation. Conceptually, the book shows the tension between participation as a form of employee voice and the instrumental way in which it is developed and implemented in modern management thinking and practice. In policy terms participation is particularly important for Europe, with the development of European Works Councils and the recent EPOC survey on direct participation in the EU. These are addressed by some chapters, but other chapters also show how much more widely this is an important policy issue for government as well as management and unions (the social partners in European parlance) - in North America, Asia, Africa and Australia.
Perspectives and Theory: Introduction: global patterns of participation, Raymond Markey; Participation and industrial democracy revisited: a theoretical perspective, Michael Poole, Russell Lansbury and Nick Wailes. Direct Participation: Why implement group work?: observations and speculations after a European survey, Jos Benders, Fred Huijgen and Ulrich Pekruhl; Employee involvement and organizational change: the diffusion of high involvement management in Australian workplaces, Paul J. Gollan and Edward M. Davis; New ways of working for women: the gender dimensions of direct participation, Juliet Webster. Trade Unions: American experience with union-nominated boards of directors, George Strauss; National strategies and local diversities: adding value through broad participation - experiences from the Norwegian Enterprise Development 2000 program, Johan Elvemo, Ida Munkeby and Pål Lynne Hansen; Employee participation and bipartite and tripartite cooperation in Greece: problems and prospects, Chris Jecchinis and Theodoros Koutroukis; How managers perceive cooperation and codetermination with unions: some Australian and US comparisons, Raymond Markey and Simon Pomfret; Efficiency vs democracy in the workplace?: a postscript on self management at Malta dry docks, Edward L. Zammit. Works Councils and Consultative Committees: Corporate governance and workers' participation in The Netherlands, Rienk Goodijk; Is there a future for employee representation?: understanding the effects of changes in organization and work on works councils, Jan Kees Looise, Michiel Drucker and Jan de Leede; Between European and national institutions: European works councils in Dutch-owned MNCs as a new form of workers' representation, Ulke Veersma; Workers' Participation in Ghana: a case study of state - owned enterprise in transition to privatization, El-Khider Ali Musa. Interaction Between Different Forms of Participation: Employee involvement and participation in the organizational change decision: Illawarra and Australian patterns, Ann Hodgkinson; Works councils and HRM in Germany: analytical arguments and empirical evidence, Walther Müller-Jentsch; Small and medium-sized enterprises, employee participation and trade union action, Jacques Monat; Top executives' attitude and preferences toward employee voice and participation in Singapore, David Tai Wai Wan and Peck Shang Phee; Conclusions: models of diversity and interaction, Paul J. Gollan and Raymond Markey.