New books


Changing life patterns in Western Industrial Societies

Janet Zollinger Giele og Elke Holst

Elsevier, JAI 2004 314 s. ISBN 0-7623-1020-0
Bogomtale fra forlaget.

Hardly any broad analyses exist to link the vast contemporary change in life patterns both to changes in women's lives (rising employment, declining fertility, and changing use of time) and to changes in men's lives, the gender contract, and the economy, as well as to national social policies. This book shows not only similar trends across countries but also the likely direction of future change, particularly as related to economic growth, gender equity, and the well-being of families and children.
The first chapter, an overview by the editors, provides a comprehensive conceptual framework for understanding how the economic, sociological, and cultural changes have produced new individual life patterns. Succeeding chapters cover in Part I the connections between contemporary changes in lives and the changing global economy, the changing welfare state, and the growth of personal choice; in Part II changing time use patterns of men and women; in Part III the institutional factors in employment, child care, law, and family that affect life patterns of both sexes. The closing chapters in Part IV focus on characteristics of individuals and occupations that support the new work and family roles.
This book is written in non-technical language for public policy makers, students in the social sciences, journalists, and researchers who are interested in (a) aging and life-span development; (b) cross-national comparison of child and family well-being and their implications for government policy, social welfare programs, and the economy; and (c) women's and gender studies and gender mainstreaming

Preface - describes the origins of the book and its relation to the Berlin Conference of September 2001 (J.Z. Giele, E. Holst).

Structural Forces that Shape Life Patterns.
New life patterns and the changing gender contract (J.Z. Giele, E. Holst). The reconfiguration of work and employment relations in the United States at the turn of the century (M.J. Piore). Welfare regimes in relation to paid work and care (J.C. Gornick, M.K. Meyers). Lifestyle preferences versus patriarchal values: causal and non-causal attitudes (C. Hakim).

The Changing Demographics of Time Use.
Time, work, and family in the United States (S.M. Bianchi, M.J. Mattingly). Changing work and life patterns: examples of new working time arrangements in the European member states (J. Plantenga). Employment options of men and women in Europe (H. Bielenski, A. Wagner).

Institutional Factors in an International Perspective.
Labor-market structures and women's paid work: opportunities and constraints in the Swiss labor market (M. Buchmannet al.). Work and family balance: a new challenge for politics in France (M.-T. Letablier). The influence of European Union legislation on labor market equality for women (S. Berghahn). The welfare state and time allocation in Sweden, Denmark, France, and Italy (J. Bonke, E. Koch-Weser).

The Role of Individual Agency and Choice.
Publishing and the new media professions as forerunners of pioneer work and life patterns (S. Betzelt, K. Gottschall). Economic relations between women and men: new realities and the re-interpretation of dependence (A. Sorensen). Women and men as agents of change in their own lives (J.Z. Giele). Index.