Geographies of Labour Market Inequality
(Regional Development and Public Policy)
R. L. Martin og Philip S. Morrison
2002 ISBN: 0415300134
Bogomtale fra forlaget.
In recent years, the local dimensions of the labour market have attracted increasing attention from academic analysts and public policy makers alike. There is growing realization that there is no such thing as the national labour market, instead a mosaic of local and regional markets that differ in nature, performance and regulation. Geographies of Labour Market Inequality is concerned with these multiple geographies of employment, unemployment, work and incomes, and their implications for public policy.
The Introduction sets out the case for thinking about the labour market in geographical terms, and discusses some of the challenges confronting labour markets in the contemporary period. In Part Two, the focus is on the processes that produce and reproduce inequalitites in employment, unemployment and wages within and between local labour markets: how the varying demand for labour modifies the way the unemployed search for work in different regions; how local concentrations of unemployment arise and interact with the operation of local housing markets to exacerbate social polarisation; how employers reconstruct traditional low wage labour pools to meet new employment needs; how the deregulation of the labour market can increase regional and socio-economic disparities; and how the relationship between households, gender and employment is being reconfigured by the increased flexibility and fluidity of work and work processes.
Part Three then explores some of the strategies by which organized labour (unions) and the state are seeking to respond to and ameliorate the uncertainties and inequalities generated by the growing flexibility and fluidity of labour markets: in the case of unions through attempts to protect workers threatened with job loss by promoting employee ownership schemes and the socially useful investment of employee's pension funds; and in the case of the state through a shift to active labour market policies (notably welfare-to-work) and the use of national minimum wages to counter low pay.
I. Introduction. 1. Thinking about the Geographies of Labour. II. The Production of Local Labour Markets Inequalities. 2. Labour Market Risk and the Regions: Evidence form Gross Labour. 3. Unemployment and Spatial Labour Markets: Strong Adjustments and Persistent Concentration. 4. The Distribution of Incomes and Social Segregation: The Interactive Role of Housing and Labour Market Sorting Processes. 5. Conceptualising Local Labour Markets. 6. New Economy, Labour Market Inequalities and the Work Life Balance Issue. III. Interventions and Policies. 7. The Union Role in Preserving Jobs and Communities: The Employee Ownership Option. 8. The Local Impact of the New Deal: Does Geography Make a Difference? 9. The Geographies of the National Minimum Wage. IV Postscript. 10. The Geographies of Labour Market Inequality: Some Emergent Issues and Challenges.